Arabic and Islamic Scientists
LAST NAME FIRST NAME FIELD DATE BORN IN
Abul-Hassan Al-Farisi Kamalud-deen Astronomy, Physics 998 - 1061  
Al-Badee Al-Ustrulabi Abu Hamed Astronomy Died 900  
Al-Baghdadi Abdallatif Medicine, geography 1162-1231 Baghdad
Al-Balkhi (albumasar) Ja'far Ibn Muhammad Abu Ma'shar Astronomy, Astrology, Fortune Telling, Mathematics 787 - 886 Iran
Al-Battani (Albategnius) Abu-Abdullah Astronomy, mathematics, Trigonometry. 858 - 929 Harran
Al-Biruni Abu Raihan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Astronomy, Mathematics. (Determined Earth's Circumference) 973-1048 Khiva
Al-Bitruji (Alpetragius) Nur Al-Din Ibn Ishaq Astronomy Died 1204 Cordova
Al-Buzjani Abul Wafa Muhammad Mathematics, Astronomy, Geometry, Trigonometry. 940 - 997 Buzjani
Al-Dimashqi Ibn Al-Shater Astronomy, Mathematics 1304-1375  
Al-Farabi (Al-Pharabius) Abu Al-Nasr Sociology, Logic, Philosophy, Political Science, Music. 870 - 950 Turkistan
Al-Farghani (Al-Fraganus) Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad Astronomy, Civil Engineering. 860  
Al-Fida (Abdulfeda) Isma'il Astronomy, Geography, History. 1273-1331  
Al-Ghazali (Algazel) Abu Hamid Sociology, Theology, Philosophy. 1058-1128 Khurasan
Al-Hamawi Yaqut ibn-'Abdullah al-Rumi Geography, Historian, Ethnographer 1179-1229 Syria
Al-Hasib Alkarji   Mathematics 1019  
Al-Idrisi (Dreses) Abu Abdallah Mohammad Geography (World Map, First Globe). 1099-1166 Ceuta, Spain
Al-Jahiz Abu Uthman Amr Bahr Al-Fuqaymi Al-Basri Zoology, Arabic Grammar, Rhetoric, Lexicography 776 - 868 Basra
Al-Jawhari Al-Abbas Ibn Said Chemistry, Mathematics 800 - 860 Baghdad
Al-Jildaki Muhammad Ibn Aidamer Chemistry Died 1341  
Al-Khalili Shams Al-Din Abu Abdallah astronomy 1320-1380 Damascus
Al-Khayyam Ghiyath Al-Din Abul Fateh Omar Ibn Ibrahim Mathematics, Poetry 1044-1123 Khurasan
Al-Khazin Abdel Al-Rahman Astronomy Died 1155  
Al-Khuzini Abul Fath Physics 1122  
Al-Khwarizmi (Algorizm) Mohammad Bin Musa Mathematics, Astronomy, Geography. (Algorithm, Algebra, calculus) 770 - 840 Kheva
Al-Kindi (Alkindus) Yaqub Ibn Ishaq Philosophy, Physics, Optics, Medicine, Mathematics, Metallurgy. 800 - 873 Kufa, Iraq
Al-Majrett'ti Abu-Alqasim Astronomy, Chemistry, Mathematics 950  
Al-Marraqushi Hasan Mathematics, Astronomy, geography Died 1262 Marraqesh
Al-Masu'di (Herdotus) Abul-Hasan Ali Geography, History. Died 957  
Al-Mawardi (Alboacen) Abu Al-Hasan Political Science, Sociology, Jurisprudence, Ethics. 972 - 1058 Basra
Al-Misri Ahmed ibn Yusuf Astronomy, Mathematics 835 - 912 Baghdad
Al-Nirizi Alfadl Ibn Ahmad Mathematics, Astronomy Died 923  
Al-Razi (Rhazes) Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya Medicine, Ophthalmology, Smallpox, Chemistry, Astronomy. 864 - 930 Ray, Persia
Al-Sabbah Hassan Kamel Solar Power, Electrical, Television Cathode Ray Tube, Arc Welding, Pressure and Temperature Instrumentation 1895-1935 Lebanon
Al-Samawal Ibn Yahya Al-Maghribi  Mathematics 1130-1180 Fez
Al-Shadi Ibrahim Astronomy 1081 Valencia
Al-Shirazi Qutb Al-Din Astronomy, Geography 1236-1311 Shiraz
Al-Sufi (Azophi) Abd Al-Rahman Astronomy 903 - 986  
Al-Suri Rasheed Aldeen Botany 1173  
Al-Tabari Ali Ibn Rabban Medicine, Mathematics, Caligraphy, Literature 838 - 870  
Al-Tabari Ahmed Medicine 932  
Al-Tamimi (Attmimi) Muhammad Ibn Amyal Chemistry Died 912  
Al-Tifashi (Attifashi) Shihabud-Deen Metallurgy, Stones 1184  
Al-Tuhra-ee Al-Husain Ibn Ali Chemistry, Poem Died 1120  
Al-Tusi Nasir Al-Din Astronomy, Non-Euclidean Geometry. 1201-1274 Khurasan
al-Uqlidisi Abul-Hasan Mathematics 952 Damascus
Al-Zahrawi (Albucasis) Abu Al-Qasim Surgery, Medicine. (Father of Modern Surgery) 936 - 1013 Zahra
Banu Musa Ahmad Medicine 805 - 873 Baghdad
Banu Musa Al-Hasan Mathematics 810 - 873 Baghdad
Banu Musa Jafar Muhammad Astronomy, Mathematics 800 - 873 Baghdad
Banu Musa Brothers       Baghdad
Heron of Alexandria   mechanics 10 - 75 Alexandria
Ibn Abi'l-Ashath   Medicine 976  
Ibn Abi'l-Mahsin   Surgeon 1256 Alleppo
Ibn Abi-Sadia Abul-Qasim Medicine 1077  
Ibn Abi-Usaibi'ah Muwaffaq Al-Din Medicine 1203  
Ibn Aflah Al-Isbili Abu Muhammad Jabir Astronomy 1100-1160 Serville
Ibn Al-Awan   Agronomy Born 1190 Serville
Ibn Al-Baitar (Bitar)   Pharmacy, Botany 119-1248 Malaga,Spain
Ibn Al-Banna (Marrakeshi) Abul-Abbas Ahmad mathematics, Medicine 1256-1321 Marrakesh
Ibn Al-Haitham (Alhazen) Abu Ali Hasan Physics, Optics, Mathematics. 965 - 1040 Basra
Ibn Al-Hasan Al-Khazin Abu Jafar Muhammad Astronomy, Mathematics 900 - 971 Khurasan
Ibn Al-Husayn Al-Karaji Abu Bekr ibn Muhammad Mathematics 935 - 1029 Baghdad
Ibn Al-Magdi Shihab-Udden Ibn Tanbugha Mathematics, Astronomy 1359  
Ibn Al-Majdi Abu Abbas Ibn Tanbugha Mathematics, Astronomy 1351  
Ibn Al-Nadim Abu'l-Faraj Muhammad Bin Ishaq Al-Warraq Calligraphy Died 998 Baghdad
Ibn Al-Nafis Ala-Aldin Abu Al-Hasan Ali Al-Damashqi Anatomy 1213-1288 Damascus
Ibn Al-Quraib Al-Asmai Abd Al-Malik Zoology, Botany, Animal Husbandry. 740 - 828 Basra
Ibn A-Rumiyyah Abul-Abbas (Annabati)   Botany 1165  
Ibn Bajja (Avempace) Abu Bakr Mohammed Ibn Yahya Philosophy, Medicine 1107-1185 Zaraqoza
Ibn Battuta Abu Abdullah Muhammad Traveller, Geography 1304-1369 Morocco
Ibn Firnas Abbas Mechanics of Flight, Planetarium, Artificial Crystals. 810 - 887 Andalus
Ibn Haiyan (Geber) Jabir Chemistry (Father of Chemistry) 721 - 815 Tus, Persia
Ibn Ishaq Abu Zayd Hunayn Medicine, Translator 808 - 873 Al-Hirah, Iraq
Ibn Khaldun (Abd Al-Rahman Ibn Mohammad) Sociology, Philosophy of History, Political Science. 1332-1395 Tunis
Ibn Labban Kushyar Astronomy, geography 971 - 1029 Baghdad
Ibn MasawaihYou'hanna   Medicine 857  
Ibn Maymun (Maimonides) Musa Medicine, Philosophy 1135-1204 Spain
Ibn Miskawayh Ahmad Ibn Muhammad Medicine, Chemistry 940 - 1030 Ray, Persia
Ibn Muadh Al-Jayyani Abu Abd Allah Muhammad Mathematics 989 - 1079 Cordova
Ibn Qurra Thabit Astronomy, Mathematics 836 - 901 Harran
Ibn Qurra Ibrahim Ibn Sinan Ibn Thabit Medicine, engineering 908 - 946 Baghdad
Ibn Qurra Abu Said Sinan Ibn Thabit mathematics, Medicine 880 - 943 Baghdad
Ibn Ridwan Al-Misri Abul Hassan Ali Astrology, Astronomy, Physicisn 998 - 1061 Jiza, Egypt
Ibn Rushd (Averroes) Abu'l Waleed Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Philosophy, Law, Medicine, Astronomy, Theology. 1128-1198 Cordova
Ibn Shuja Abu Kamil Shuja mathematics 850 - 930 Egypt
Ibn Sina (Avicenna) Abu Ali Al-Hassain Ibn Abdallah Medicine, Philosophy, Mathematics, Astronomy. 980 - 1037 Balkh
Ibn Tahir Al-Baghdadi Abu Mansur Mathematics 980 - 1037 Baghdad
Ibn Tufayl (abubacer) Abu Baker Muhammad Philosophy, Medicine 1110-1185 Gaudix
Ibn Wahshiyh Abu-Baker Chemistry, Botany Died 960  
Ibn Yahya Al-Zarqali (Arzachel) Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Astronomy (Invented Astrolabe). 1028-1087 Andalus
Ibn Yazeed Khalid Chemistry 701  
Ibn Yunus Abu Al-Hasan Ali Ibn Abd Al-Rahman Astronomy, Astrology, Mathematics 950 - 1009 Egypt
Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) Abu Marwan Surgery, Medicine. 1091-1161 Seville
Jalal Al-Din Rumi   Sociology 1207-1273 Balkh
Ulugh Beg   Astronomy 1393-1449 Soltaniyeh